Girl bricks manufactured in a factory in the neighborhood of Shahdra , north of Lahore , capital of Punjab province .
There are millions of children work to help their families in ways that do not involve harm or exploitation . However , UNICEF estimates that there are about 150 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 years in developing countries , and about 16 per cent of all children in this age group , are engaged in child labor . The ILO estimates that there are about 215 million children under the age of 18 are working and many of them work full-time , all over the world . In sub-Saharan Africa works one out of every four children between the ages of 5 years, 17 years , compared to one of every eight children in Asia and the Pacific, and one out of every 10 children in Latin America .
Although the overall numbers suggest that boys who are involved in child labor, more than girls , but that many of the types of businesses that engage the girls is clearly visible . It is estimated that about 90 per cent of children who work in the home are girls ( UNICEF , 2011, the situation of children in the world) . In spite of the prevalence of child labor has declined in recent years everywhere except sub-Saharan Africa , where the growing physically , the child labor is still hurting physical and mental development of children and adolescents , and the impact on education ( source : UNICEF , 2011, the situation of children in the world the information page for children to child labor page on the website of UNICEF ) .
Child labor and promote inter-generational cycles of poverty , and undermine national economies and impede progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (see the final document of the Summit of the Millennium Development Goals 2010, p 13) . It is not the only reason , but it is also a result of social inequality fostered by discrimination . Children from indigenous groups or the lower classes are more likely to drop out of education to work . The children of migrant workers are also exposed to the hidden and illegal .
UNICEF supports the roadmap to eliminate the worst forms of child labor by 2016 , which calls for an integrated response to child labor . UNICEF also supports the local communities to change the cultural acceptance of child labor , and at the same time support the strategies and programs to provide alternative income for families and access to nurseries and quality education and preventive services . UNICEF is also working with employers and the private sector to assess their supply chains and their business practices and the study of their impact on children .
For more information, please visit the resources page .